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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2002;8(1):51-60.
Published online June 30, 2002.
A Study on the Relationship between Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Clinical Practice Performance, Academic Achievement, Decision Making of Major Field in Clinical Practice
Kim, Young-Sook;Kim, Myung-Soon;Cho, Won-Sun;
1Gachon Medicacal School , Graduate School of Nursing
2GaconGhil College Department of Nursing
3GaconGhil College Department of Nursing
간호학생의 자아존중감 및 자기효능감과 임상실습수행, 학업성취, 전공실습결정과의 관계
김영숙, 김명순, 조원순
1가천의과대학교 간호대학원
2가천길대학 간호과
3가천길대학 간호과
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between self-esteem, self- efficacy and clinical practice performance, academic achievement, decision making of major field in clinical practice . The study subjects consisted with 244 students from G. junior nursing college that will adapt a new majoring program of clinical nursing practice funded by Ministry of human and resources development. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The students were relatively performed well in clinical practice setting (total M :3.78). The item of student's personal relationship between patients, patient's family, and professional staff showed high score (M=3.96). However students did not feel comfortable to communicate with patients, patient's family and professional staffs in clinical setting(mean=3.56). 2. Students who had experiences of temporal absence from school showed significant difference in the variable of academic achievement and decision making of major field in clinical practice Students who entered to nursing school with self-motive revealed statistically significant difference in the variable of clinical practice performance, academic achievement, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and decision making of major field in clinical practice. 3. There was a significant correlation between self-esteem and clinical practice performance, (r=.512, p<.000). And the relation between self-esteem and decision making of major field in clinical practice was significantly correlated(r=.377, p<.000). Self-efficacy and clinical practice performance(r=.567, p<.000), and decision making of major field in clinical practice (r=.441, p<.000) showed significant correlations. Also relation between academic achievement and self-esteem reveled a significant correlation(r=.129, p<.05) but correlation between self-efficacy and academic achievement was not significant. 4. Correlation between clinical practice performance and decision making of major field in clinical practice also identified a significant relation(r=.498, p<.000). 5. Self-esteem and self-efficacy variables predicted clinical practice performance and explained 37.7% of clinical practice performance. 6. Aptitude and personal interests(m=4.07) reveled important factor affecting to select majoring area in clinical practice, and advice from parents reflected low percentage on selecting places(m=2.42). In conclusion, the variables of self-esteem and self-efficacy showed significant correlations with the variables of student's clinical practice performance, academic achievement, and decision making of major field in clinical practice. Thus it is recommended that student's affective domain of self-esteem and self-efficacy should be developed by nursing intervention before clinical nursing education.
Key Words: Self-esteem, Self-efficacy, academic achievement
 


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