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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2003;9(2):234-243.
Published online June 30, 2003.
Development of A First-aid Education Program and Its Effectiveness -A Care of Mothers of infant, toddler and preschool children-
Shin, Sun-Hwa;Oh, Pok-Ja;
1Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Sahmyook University
2Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Sahmyook University
외상 응급처치 교육 프로그램의 개발 및 효과 -영유아 및 학령전 아동의 어머니를 대상으로-
신선화, 오복자
1삼육대학교 대학원
2삼육대학교 간호학과
The researcher has studied the types of accidents and injuries that most often occur to infants, toddlers and preschool children. Using this knowledge, a first aid program was developed for mothers. This researcher used a Quasi experimental study which consisted of a nonequivalent control group pretest - posttest design for injury first-aid knowle. The experimental group consisted of 32 mothers, and the control group consisted of 29. The education program consisted of the types of injury, the structure and function of skin, the methods of obsevation, first-aid awareness, and the standard of professional support in case of contusion, abrasion, laceration, fracture and burn. The education program was developed and based on 'the systemetic design of instruction' by Dick & Carey(1996) and utilized multimedia text book, pictures, examples, practice and discussions to increase understanding and effectiveness of learning. The data for this study was collected from September to early November, 2001. There were two fomative evauations, pretest and posttest with an intervention of education program. The analysis of the collected data was analyzed by descriptive analysis, ANOVA, t-test and paired t-test using the SPSS 10.0 program. The results as follows; 1. The experimental group, who was given an education program before the test, got higher marks on the injury first-aid knowledge than the control group. There was a significant difference in knowledge between experimental group and control group(t=6.578, p=.000). 2. The experimental group got higher marks on the action evaluation than the control group. There were significant differences in the certainity of action (t=8.546, p=.000) and the accuracy of action (t=7.654, p=.000) between experimental group and control group. This study examined how a first aid education program increased effectiveness in the knowledge and action of injury first-aid.
Key Words: Injury first-aid, Infant& toddler& preschool children, Parent education
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