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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2010;16(1):129-139.
Published online June 30, 2010.
Scale Development: The Personal Power of Health Care (PPHC)
Lee, Eun-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Sook;So, Ae-Young;Smith-Stoner, Marilyn;
1Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University
2Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University
3Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University
4California State University San Bernardino
개인의 건강관리능력(Personal Power of Health Care; PPHC) 도구 개발
이은희, 이경숙, 소애영,
1강릉원주대학교 간호학과
2강릉원주대학교 간호학과
3강릉원주대학교 간호학과
4
Abstract
Purpose
A new scale was developed to measure personal power and ability for health care and promotion including health determinants. Method: Research phases designed for this study were a literature review, scale development, discussion with experts, pre-test for content validity, and survey for construct validity and reliability. The scale was composed of 20 items on 4 point Likert scale and was tested on middle aged Korean-Americans (110) and Koreans (105) living in a community. Result: As the result of factor analysis, 7 dimensions were identified that were similar yet different from the original dimensions. They included health literacy, socialbelonging and gender role, self-perception, health policy participation, socio-cultural interpersonal relationships, spiritual comfort, and socioeconomic involvement. The total variances explained 59.73%. The reliability was .736 of Cronbach's alpha. The mean PPHC was not different in age, gender, economic status and disease presence, but significantly different in country where living, religion, education level, job presence, and emigration period. The increased power group perceived more wellbeing and less depression, high internal locus of control and increased power with others. In addition, they had a greater health promotion lifestyle profile. Conclusion: This scale was statistically reliable and valid to measure personal power of health care.
Key Words: Health, Personal power, Internal-external control, Health promotion
 
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