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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2011;17(1):90-99.
Published online December 31, 2010.
Postnatal Breast-Feeding Knowledge, Techniques and Rates of First-Time Mothers Depending on a Prenatal Breast-Feeding Education Method
Kim, Jin-Kyung;Choi, Hye-Mi;Ryu, Eun-Jung;
1Outpatient Department, Mizmedi Hospital
2Nursery, Mizmedi Hospital
3Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University
산전 모유수유 교육 방법에 따른 초산모의 산후 모유수유 지식, 방법, 실천율
김진경, 최혜미, 류은정
1강서 미즈메디 병원, 외래 1팀
2강서 미즈메디 병원, 신생아실
3중앙대학교 의과대학 간호학과
Abstract
Purpose
To investigate the impacts of individualized versus group prenatal breast-feeding education on postnatal breast-feeding knowledge, this study addressed techniques and rates of first-time mothers as part of data collection for developing breast-feeding education programs. Methods: A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group design was applied to compare the effects of prenatal breast-feeding individual vs. group education among first-time mothers. Collected data was analyzed using $x^2$-test, t-test, paired t-test, and ANOVA. Results: There was no difference on the knowledge of prenatal breast-feeding between individual and group education. However, individual education was a more effective method than group education on post-natal knowledge. In the 4th and 8th weeks of breast-feeding, individual education was more effective than group education. However, there was no difference between the two education methods at Week 12. Conclusion: This study indicates that many outpatient mothers should be given various individual approaches and prenatal breast-feeding education programs to provide them with opportunities for education to improve breast-feeding rates. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the breast-feeding rates at Week 12, which may be attributed not to education methods but to changes in external environmental factors. Further research is needed to address the changes.
Key Words: Breast feeding, Education, Knowledge, Methodology
 
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