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 The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2012;18(1):149-158. Published online December 31, 2011.
 Factors Influencing Mental Health among Late School age Children Lee, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Hee-Kyung; 1Gyeryong High School, Kongju National University2Dept. of Nursing, Kongju National University, Center for Health Industry Research 학령기 후기 아동의 정신건강과 영향요인 이현주, 김희경 1계룡고등학교, 공주대학교 간호학과2공주대학교 간호보건대학 간호학과, 건강산업연구센터 Abstract PurposeThe purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing mental health among late elementary age children. Methods: The research design was a secondary data analysis. Data were collected from 746 students in grades 5 or 6, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS/PC 18.0 program. Results: The average score of mental health was $3.42{pm}0.55$. There were significant differences in mental health according to health status, economic status, scholastic performance, relationships with friends, relationships with the teachers, atmosphere of the home, number of siblings and the source of trouble. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed influencing factors of stress, negative reaction under stress, self-esteem, teacher support, and friend support support and explained 41.4% of total variance in late elementary age children's mental health. Conclusion: These results may contribute to a better understanding of mental health in late elementary age children. The results of the present study indicate a need to develop nursing interventions to prevent and manage elementary school-age children's negative reaction under stress. Key Words: Children, Coping, Self-Esteem, Mental-Health