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The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education 2007;13(1):114-122.
Published online June 30, 2007.
The Effects of a Music Therapy Program for Autistic Children in Child Day Care Centers
Ju, Se-Jin;Choi, Shin-Hyoung;Nam, Ok-Seon;
1Child Psychiatric Clinical Nurse Specialist, Seoul National University Hospital
2Music Therapist, Music Therapy Clinic in Ewha Woman's University
3Music Therapist, Music Therapy Marathon Care Center
자폐장애 아동을 대상으로 한 음악치료 중재 효과 연구
주세진, 최신형, 남옥선
1서울대학교병원 소아정신과
2이화여자대학교 음악치료클리닉
3말아톤 주간보호센터
Abstract
Purpose
This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of Music Therapy for the autistic children. Method: The subjects of this study consisted of 3 autistic children who were trained in an Attachment Promotion Therapy Program for 6 months. The Children were all males and 4years 9months, 3years 1 month, and 3years 8month each, and diagnosed with Autism by Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists. Data was collected by using video-taping methods(ADOS, Fagot's Interactive Behavior Code), an interview and observational methods(SMS). Music Therapy intervention was done once a week for 6 months. Data was gathered by quantitative and qualitative analysis. Result: This study showed that the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale and Social Maturity Quotient(SQ) much improved after the Music Therapy After the Music Therapy, the Interactive Behavior Code : Gaze, Gesture for the communication, Verbal language, Laughing/Smile, and Normal play behaviors increased more than before the intervention. As the results show, the child's behavior became more positively responsive, playful, and attentive to others. Conclusion: This study suggests that Music Therapy might be an effective intervention for autistic disorder children in order to decrease autistic symptoms and increase joint attention behavior.
Key Words: Autism, Child day care center, Music therapy
 


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